Hi every body,Culture is the most complicated words in English landuage. it refers to the process by which the symbolic systems(e.g, common sense, "usual way of doing things", traditions and rituals, frameworks for understanding experience, etc.) characteristically shared by a group of people are maintained and transformed across time. Despite the appearence of stability, culture is a dynamic, historical process. youth culture refers to the those processes and symbolic systems that young people share that are, to some degree, distinctive from those of their parents and other adult in their community.
Youth cultures have not been part of all societies throughout history; they appear most frequently where significant realms of social autonomy for young people become regularizeed and expected features of the socialization process. Most schoalrs would agree that the conditions necssary for the mass youth cultures recogiizable today apeared after the formation of modern nation - states and the routinization of the human life course in the industriaising nations of the nineteenth century. The mass institutions of the nation-state, which separate young peole from adults and gather them in large numbers for education, relgious instruction, training, work, or punishment have been consistent locations in which youth cultures have existed in certain circumstances during the medieval period. Also, it is important to recognise that there are significant gaps in our historical understanding, particularly for popualtions outside of Europe and United States.Youth cultures have been clearly evident in the twentieth century, particulary since the end of world war(2) The history of this period is notably marked by significant social and cultural infuences of youth cultures on society at large, a trend that continues in the contemporary period.
Research into youth cultures has been most prolific in the displines of sociology, psychology, and anthropology; it is readily apparent in criminology of juveniles, demographihic analyses, studies of the family and adolescent social development, and the study of rituals. The anaytic framworks and debates about youth cultures that have emerged from the three majo discipline have been taken up in other areas of study, inculding history. like most fields in the humanities and social sciences, youth studies is marked less by the certaainity of its knowledge than by a series of long-running debates.
To what extent are youth cultures functional for a lberal capitalist society?
To what extent is the formation of youth cultres an unintended disruption in social systems?
How is the range between contributory and resistive youth cultures socially negotiateed and contained?
To what extent are youth cultures separate and different from the cultures of their parents?
what role do other social identities( race, ethnicity, and social class) play in the formation of youth cultures? and many more important questions.
And finally , How do the major institutions of socialization(e.g. family ,religion, and schools.
Thanks, this my little update on the trend in youth cultures.